Integrated water management, Danone Klaten, Indonesia

Case study Identity Card

Long title: Integrated and Participatory Water Resources Management towards effective agricultural system in Kali Pusur watershed
Impact Assessment:Ex post
Geographical coverage of the case:Indonesia, Central Java, between Klaten and Boyolali Districts, Pusur River watershed (80 km²)
Research department: Environments and Societies
Research unit:UMR G-eau
Case study team:Bruno Lidon (CIRAD, UMR G-Eau),  Hendri Sosiawan (IAARD,IAHRI Bogor), Bernard Triomphe (CIRAD, UMR Innovation), Mathieu Van Hoy (ISTOM student), Sari Virgawati (UPN Veteran University)
Years covered:2006-2014

Case study description

The innovation under study

The case study refers to the research contribution to the resolution and prevention of conflicts within a context of multi-purpose use of limited water resource. The researches were carried out from 2006 to 2014 in Kali Pusur watershed located on the slope of Merapi Volcano. Despite the fact that the annual rainfall is around 1800 mm, the sharing of water resource during dry season was challenging as it is both used by about 10 000 small holder irrigators, who cultivate 3500 ha, and 2 water business companies. Regarding the conflicting context due to the water scarcity faced by farmers, the researches were conducted by a multi-disciplinary team through a community visioning and strategic planning approach involving all the stakeholders involved in water resource use and management. It led to induce the parties to open up, identify the real issues behind the publicly pronounced positions and find out nested “win-win” solutions that left both the parties better off with the outcome. Besides a scientific based assessment of water resources, the research outputs and related impacts concerned 3 main issues which are considered as key pillars of an integrated water management approach: (i) the improvement of the water management capacity of stakeholders through the establishment of an original type of water users’ association and the capacity building of the existing associations, (ii) an improved economic and social enhancement of mobilized resources through the development of innovative corn cropping practices as a cost effective and water saving  alternative to rice mono cropping and (iii) the water resource preservation through the development of ecofriendly innovating cropping and surface water management practices in the most upstream part of the ground water recharge area.


Stakeholders involved in the innovation process

Value chain stakeholders : Rice and Corn producers in the irrigated areas supplied by Pusur and Kapilaler Kanal, Corn producers in the upstream irrigated areas, mixed cropping-livestock farmers’ community of Gumuk (most upstream part of the ground water recharge area). Cargill grain Company;
Research stakeholders : MoA/IAARD/IAHRI Bogor, MoA/IAARD/BPTP Jogjakarta; UMR G-eau: CIRAD / IRD, CIRAD UMR Green UPR, CIRAD ex UPR Politiques et Marchés; UGM-PUSTEK, UGM-Dpt; Geohydrology,
Paris VI University (UMR Sisyphe)
Civil society stakeholders : Bina Swadaya NGO, Farmers associations of Ceper & Sudimoro villages, FK PADIKA, Village and sub-district Water User Associations,
Institutional stakeholders : Rural engineering Dpt of Klaten district, Agriculture Dpt of Klaten district, Forestry & environmental Dpt of Klaten district, Development planning agencies of Klaten and Boyolali districts, Municipalities (heads of village)
Others : Danone-Aqua, CSR Danone Klaten, PDAM Solo and Klaten

Stakeholders (mainly) impacted by the innovation process

Value chain stakeholders : Smallholder irrigator groups who have switched from rice mono-cropping to corn growing during the 2nd and/or 3rd cropping season (mainly Kapilaler area) , Smallholder irrigator groups have adopted improved corn growing package (Upstream and Kapilaler irrigated areas), Tobacco and vegetables producers located in the most upstream part of the watershed
Research stakeholders :Researchers from IAHRI, BPTP Jogjakarta
Others : Danone-Aqua, CSR Danone Klaten, PDAM Solo & Klaten

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